1 September 1940

Luftwaffe activity was reduced but three major attacks occured that targeted Biggin Hill, Kenley, Gravesend, Hornchurch and North Weald in the morning. The second wave in the early afternoon bombed Biggin Hill and Kenley airfields.  The final raid bombed Dunkirk radar station near Faversham.  During the night, Kent, Bristol Channel, South Wales, Tyne and Tees, Detling airfield, Dunkirk, Rye were bombed and minelaying off Tyne/Tees, Humber, Thames Estuary, Dungeness and Poole.  Civilian casualties amounted to 51 killed and 189 injured.  The Germans lost 17 aircraft and 11 damaged.  Images below show captured German airmen being escorted to prison camps.

Bf 109E-1 (3892) 11+1 of 7/JG26 was shot down by Pilot Officer C.F. Gray of 54 Squadron whilst in combat at 14.03.  Aircraft force landed Newbridge Iden, Rye, Lt J. Burschgens captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1902) of I/JG52 shot down by 616 Squadron at 10.30.  Aircraft crashed at Burnt Oaks, Capel Farm, Orlestone, Oberfw P. Gerber was killed.

Bf 109E-4 (4020) of III/JG53 was shot down by Sergeant J. Stokoe of 603 Squadron during combat over Kent at 17.00.  Aircraft crashed at Bush Field, Hurst Farm, Chilham, Oberlt O. Bauer was killed.

Bf 109E-4 (5087) 10+I of 7/JG53 shot down by Flight Lieutenant H.B.L. Hillcoat of 1 Squadron and Sergeant G. Goodman of 85 Squadron whilst in combat over the Channel at 11.40.  Aircraft crashed at Strand Bridge, Winchelsea, Lt H. Strasser baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1277) 14+ of 5/JG54 collided with another Bf 109 during combat over Ashford  at 11.15.  Aircraft crashed at Haberdashers Wood, Ruckinge, Bonnington, Oberlt A. Stangl baled out and captured.

Do 17Z (3369) F1+AT of 9/KG76 was shot down by Sergeant G. Allard and Sergeant H.N. Howes of 85 Squadron whilst bombing Kenley airfield at 14.30.  Aircraft crashed at Tarts Field, Lydd, Dungeness Point.  Uffz M. Maasen, Fw H. Wohner and Oberfw W. Illg all baled out and captured but Gefr G. Spiess was killed and buried at Folkestone New Cemetery in Hawkinge.

Bf 110 L1+OH of 13/LG1 shot down by Pilot Officer C.E. English of 85 Squadron and 616 Squadron whilst attacking Biggin Hill airfield at 14.00.  Aircraft crashed at Tarpot Farm, Bilsington, Oberfw R. Kobert and Fw W. Meinig were both captured.

Bf 110 of 15/LG1 was shot down by Pilot Officer P.F. Mayhew of 79 Squadron and Flying Officer T.A.F. Elsdon of 72 Squadron whilst in combat over Edenbridge at 14.45.  Aircraft crashed at Hosey Wood, Brasted, Fw M. Jackel and Flgr . Rosler both missing believed killed with their bodies buried in St Martin's Churchyard in Brasted.

2 September 1940

Luftwaffe launched five attacks during the day which focused on the RAF airfields in Kent, Essex and Middlesex.  The bulk of these attacks were repulsed but Maidstone and Rochester were both bombed.  During the night, German attacks were limited but Birkenhead, Birmingham, Sutton Coldfield, Blyth, Harwich, Llandarcy and London were bombed.  Civilian casualties amounted to 9 killed and 53 injured.  The Germans lost 37 aircraft and 17 damaged.

Bf 109E-1 (6115) of 4/JG2 was shot down by Sergeant G.W. Jefferys of 43 Squadron whilst in combat over Ashford at 13.13.  Aircraft crashed at Cale Hill Park, Little Chart, Uffz A. Glomb was captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1452) 12+- of 4/JG2 shot down by Flight Lieutenant R.C. Reynell of 43 Squadron whilst in combat at 13.30.  Aircraft crashed at West Hythe, Lympne Castle, Uffz E. Von Stein captured.

Bf 109E-1 (3861) of 9/JG2 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire over Tilbury at 13.10.  The aircraft crashed at Streets Farm, Ulcombe, Maidstone (see image below of smoking wreckage) and Lt W. Kluge was killed trying to bale out too low and buried at All Saints, Ulcombe.

Bf 109E-1 (4807) of 1/JG51 shot down by Pilot Officer G.D. Gribble of 54 Squadron at 08.00.  Aircraft crashed at Nethersole Farm, Womenswold, Lt G. Ruttowski was killed.

Bf 109E-1 (4850) of 1/JG51 was shot down by Squadron Leader J.A. Leathart of 54 Squadron whilst in combat over Maidstone at 08.00.  Aircraft crashed at South Poston, Leeds Castle, Lt H. Thorl was captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1261) 12+ of 1/JG52 shot down by Pilot Officer C.F. Ambrose of 46 Squadron during combat over Eastchurch at 17.40.  Aircraft crashed at Tile Lodge Farm, Hoath, Westbere, Canterbury, Fw H. Verlings captured.

Bf 109E-1 (3584) 14+ of 1/JG53 was shot down by Flying Officer A.A.G. Trueman of 253 Squadron and Sergeant J.H. Lacey of 501 Squadron whilst in combat over Rochester at 08.17.  Aircraft crashed at Hythe, Uffz W.Karl was captured.

Bf 109E of 3/JG53 shot down by 501 Squadron at 08.50.  Aircraft crashed at Bridge Farm Field, Bilsington, pilot killed and not identified, his remains buried in Aylesham Cemetery.

Bf 109E-4 (1574) of III/JG54 was shot down by Pilot Officer J.S. Morton of 603 Squadron whilst in combat over Sheerness at 12.55.  Aircraft crashed at Mountain Street, Chilham, Oberlt E. Schelcher was killed.

Bf 109E-1 (3470) 2+ of 8/JG54 shot down by Flight Lieutenant H.B.L. Hillcoat of 1 Squadron during combat over Dungeness at 16.45.  Aircraft crashed at Finns Farm, Kingsnorth, Ashford, Uffz H. Elbers was captured.

Do 17Z-2 (3629) 5K+BT of 9/KG3 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant R.A. Barton and Pilot Officer J.R.B. Meaker of 249 Squadron during a mission to bomb Eastchurch at 09.15.  Aircraft crashed at Rochford airfield, Uffz K. Hilbrecht was killed.  Oberlt U. Rohr, Uffz K. Seidel and Fw O. Sprink were all captured.

Bf 110C-4 (3622) 3M+HK of 2/ZG2 shot down by Flight Lieutenant E. Graham of 72 Squadron at 13.00.  Aircraft crashed at Hougham, Dover, Lt G. Schipper and Gefr T. Schockenhoff both captured.

Bf 110D/0 (3629) A2+KL of 6/ZG2 was shot down by Flight Sergeant J. Steere of 72 Squadron at 12.45.  Aircraft crashed at Vensons Farm, Eastry, Fw L. Beil and Obergefr J. Oehl were both killed.

Bf 110D-1 (3309) U8+DK of 2/ZG26 shot down by Sergeant W.T.E. Rolls of 72 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 08.10.  Aircraft crashed at White Horse Wood, Birling, Fw K. Schutz was killed and Uffz H. Stuwe baled out and captured.

Bf 110C-4 (3536) 3U+GN of 5/ZG26 was shot down by 72 and 249 Squadrons during combat over Thames Estuary at 09.00.  Aircraft crashed in the Sea off Nore, Oberfw K. Rochel and Uffz W. Schoffler were both rescued and captured.

Bf 110C (3226) M8+DM of 4/ZG76 shot down by Flight Lieutenant D.G. Parnall of 249 Squadron at 16.40.  Aircraft crashed at Frith Farm, Laindon Road, Billericay (see image below of wreckage being guarded by soldiers), Oberlt K. Wrede and Uffz R. Kukawka were both killed.

3 September 1940

The Lufftwaffe attacks again focused on RAF airfields with Debden, Hornchurch and North Weald (see three images below of damage to hangar, operations room and airfield) being bombed during the day.  During the night the areas of the Mersey Estuary, Bristol Channel, Kent and Tyne were bombed.  Also extensive minelaying along the entire East Coast, South Coast as far as Poole, Bristol Channel and Mersey Estuary.  Total civilian casualties amounted to 10 killed and 87 injured.  The Germans lost 19 aircraft and 9 damaged.

Do 17Z-2 (3450) U5+AN of 5/KG2 was shot down by 17 Squadron comprising Pilot Officers H.A.C. Bird-Wilson, J.K. Ross, D.H. Wissler, D.C. Leary, Sergeant D.A. Sewell and Flight Lieutenant A.W.A. Bayne during a mission to bomb North Weald at 10.30.  Aircraft crashed at Pyefleet Creek on Lodge Farm, Lagenhoe.  Lt H. Schildt, Uffz E. Swindek and Gefr P. Niegisch were all killed but Fw M. Kriegal baled out and was captured.

Bf 110C-4 (3120) 3M+BK of I/ZG2 shot down by Flight Sergeant G.C. Unwin of 19 Squadron, Pilot Officer J.M.V. Carpenter of 222 Squadron and Sergeant B. Furst of 310 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 11.00.  Aircraft crashed at Edwins Hall, Stowmaries, Oberlt R. Messner and Uffz A. Santoni both baled out and captured.

Bf 110C-4 (2146) 3M+BK of 1/ZG2 was shot down by Sergeant E. Scott of 222 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 10.45.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Reculver, Oberlt S. Gottschalt and Uffz M. Hoffman both baled out and rescued.

Bf 110C-4 (2133) 3M+HL of 2/ZG2 collided with Bf 110 during combat at 10.50 and crashed at Rye Hill, Thornwood, Epping (see image below of wreckage with soldiers around the tailplane).  Oberlt K. Muller baled out and captured but Uffz J. Korn killed.

Bf 110C-4 (2065) 3M+EK of 2/ZG2 collided with Bf 110 during combat at 10.45 and aircraft crashed at Hobbs Cross, Harlow (see image below of wreckage with local civilians in the background).  Fw K. Wagenbreth and Uffz A. Schubarth both baled out too low and killed.

Bf 110C-4 (3133) 3M+EL of 3/ZG2 shot down by Flying Officer Count M.B. Czernin, Flight Lieutenant A.W.A. Bayne and Pilot Officer D.H. Wissler of 17 Squadron during combat at 11.18.  Aircraft crashed at Pudsey Hall Farm, Canewdon, Rayleigh (see image of fin with soldiers), Oberfw G. Winkler and Gefr O. Weiler both baled out and captured.

Bf 110C-4 (3294) U8+KL of 3/ZG26 was shot down by RAF fighters over Southend with the aircraft force landing at Fontend.  Pilot was captured but Uffz H. Klatt baled out and drowned with his body washed ashore at Southend.

Bf 110D (3310) 3U+EP of 6/ZG26 shot down by Sub Lt J.C. Carpenter of 46 Squadron and Flying Officer M.B. Czernin of 17 Squadron during combat over Wickford at 10.30.  Aircraft crashed at Mundon, Maldon, Lt W. Manhart and Uffz W. Drews both captured.

Bf 110C-2 (3225) 3U+KR of 7/ZG26 was shot down by Flying Officer B. Van Mentz of 222 Squadron and Flying Officer D.A.P. McMullen, Pilot Officers C.F. Gray and S. Baker of 54 Squadron during combat over the Thames Estuary at 10.38.  Aircraft crashed at North Shoebury House, Southend, Fw H. Grau captured but Uffz G. Uecker was captured but died of his wounds the next day.

4 September 1940

The Luftwaffe launched two major attacks during the day which focused on RAF airfields and aircraft factories.  Over the course of the morning bombs were dropped on Eastchurch, Lympne and Bradwell-on-Sea aerodromes.  The afternoon saw concentrated and devastating attacks on Short Brothers factory in Rochester, Pobjoy Works in Chatham and Vickers Armstrongs Factory at Weybridge.  During the night attacks started at 20.00 and finished at 04.50 the next day with Bristol, Bath, Gloucester, Manchester, Liverpool, Southport, North East, East and West Midlands and Wales were bombed.  Total civilian casualties amounted to 89 killed and 453 injured.  The Germans lost 28 aircraft and 11 damaged.

In Germany, Hitler gave a speech at the Sportpalast in Berlin that would change the Luftwaffe tactics in the Battle of Britain but also have strategic implications for the entire Second World War.  In retaliation for the RAF Bomber Command attacks on German cities he ordered the destruction of British cities which switched away from RAF Fighter Command airfields, radar stations and aircraft manufacturing sites.  See below for images connected with the speech.

Bf 110D/0 (3390) S9+AB of ErproGr210 was shot down by Pilot Officer R.F. Doe of 234 Squadron and Flying Officer C.J. Riddle of 601 Squadron during combat at 13.25.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Littlehampton, Hptmn H. Von Boltenstern was missing believed killed and Fw F. Schneider's body was washed ashore at Newhaven.

Bf 110D (3303) L1+BK of 14/LG1 shot down by 253 Squadron during combat over Brooklands at 13.45.  Aircraft crashed at Waterloo Fram, West Horsley, Fw K. Rohring was killed and buried at Brookwood Military Cemetery but Uffz J. Jackel baled out and captured.

Bf 110D (3306) L1+FK of 14/LG1 was shot down by 253 Squadron whilst in combat over Brooklands at 13.45.  Aircraft crashed at Upper Common, Netley, Dorking, Oberlt M. Junge and Uffz K. Bremser were both killed and buried in Brookwood Military Cemetery.


Bf 110C-4 (2116) 3M+AA of ZG2 shot down by Flight Lieutenant T.F. Dalton-Morgan and Sergeant G.W. Jefferys of 43 Squadron, Pilot Officer H.T. Gilbert of 601 Squadron and Pilot Officer H.W. Moody of 602 Squadron during combat over the Sussex Coast at 13.50.  Aircraft force landed at Mill Hill, Shoreham Downs (see image below), Oberlt W. Schaefer and Uffz H. Bendjus were both captured.

Bf 110C-4 (3602) M8+AC of 2/ZG76 shot down by Flying Officer A.D. Nesbitt of 1 (RCAF) Squadron during combat at 13.35.  Aircraft crashed at Little Butts Farm, Cousley Wood, Wadhurst, Oberlt H. Weeber and Uffz M. Michael were both captured.

Bf 110C (3287) M8+IM of 5/JG76 was shot down by Flying Officers B.D. Russell and G.C.B. Peters of 1 (RCAF) and 79 Squadrons respectfully during combat over London at 13.45.  Aircraft crashed in the Channel off Pevensey Bay, Oberlt E-H. Fr Von Schlotheim and Uffz G. Hommel were both rescued and captured.


Bf 110C (2089) M8+CP of 6/ZG76 shot down by Flying Officer R. Smither of 1 (RCAF) Squadron during combat over Tunbridge Wells at 13.23. Aircraft crashed at Smarts Hill, Penshurst, Oberlt G. Piduhn and Uffz R. Condne were both killed and buried in Tonbridge Cemetery.

Bf 110C-4 (3254) 2N+BM of 3/ZG76 was shot down by Pilot Officer H.C. Upton of 43 Squadron during combat over Sussex at 13.25.  Aircraft crashed at High Salvington, Findon, Worthing, Oberlt W. Schiller and Fw H. Winkler both baled out and captured.


Bf 110C-1 (2837) 2N+DP of 3/ZG76 shot down by Flight Lieutenant T.F. Dalton-Morgan of 43 Squadron and Sergeant M.C. B. Boddington of 234 Squadron during combat over Shoreham.  Aircraft crashed at Church Farm, Washington, Pulborough, Oberlt H. Florenz and Gefr R. Herbert were both missing believed killed.


Bf 110C-4 (3563) 2N+HM of 7/KG76 was shot down by 234 Squadron whilst escorting bombers at 13.35.  Aircraft force landed at Portway, Steyning, Uffz W. Schultis and Uffz R. Bileck were both captured.

Bf 110C-4 (3101) 2N+CN of 8/ZG76 shot down by Flying Officer P.W. Horton and Sergeant Z. Klein of 234 Squadron during combat over Sussex at 13.45.  Aircraft crashed at Black Patch Hill, Patching, Angmering, Oberlt H. Munich and Uffz A. Kaser were both captured.

Bf 110C-4 2N+KP of 9/KG76 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant P.C. Hughes of 234 Squadron during combat over Sussex at 13.20.  Aircraft crashed at Coatwood Farm, Wisborough Green, Oberlt K. Raetsch and Obergefr W. Hempel were both killed.

5 September 1940

Luftwaffe launched one raid in the morning which was targeted on Biggin Hill but broken up before reaching the objective and then split up to attack Hornchurch and Harwich.  In the afternoon, Biggin Hill airfield was again the target but beaten back by determined resistence and this was the same for another attack that approached Dungeness.  During the night the main targets were South Wales, Midlands, Manchester, Liverpool and West Riding with minelaying at Lyme Bay, Thames Estuary, Firth of Forth, Amble and St Anne's Head.

Bf 109E-4 2+~ of 8/JG2 collided with Fw Gotz during combat at 14.30.  Aircraft crashed at Bleakwood, Walderslade, Oberlt C-H. Metz baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1985) 6+ of 1/JG3 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant J.T. Webster of 41 Squadron during combat over Croydon at 10.10.  Aircraft force landed at Handen Farm, Chapfall, Aldington (see image below), Lt H. Schnabel was captured.

Bf 109E-4 (750) 7+ of 3/JG3 shot down by Flight Lieutenant J.T. Webster of 41 Squadron during combat over Croydon at 10.30.  Aircraft force landed at Wichling, Faversham, Uffz H. Grabow captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1480) <+- of 2/JG3 was shot down by Pilot Officer G.H. Bennions of 41 Squadron and Pilot Officer B.G. Stapleton of 603 Squadron during combat over Kent.  Aircraft force landed at Winchet Hill, Love's Farm, Marden, Oberlt F. Von Werra was captured.

Bf 109E-1 (3627) of 5/JG27 shot down by Sergeant C.A.L. Hurry of 43 Squadron in combat over Tenterden at 16.15.  Aircraft crashed at Appledore Station, Oberlt H. Strobl was killed.

Bf 109E-4 (1949) of 1/JG52 was shot down by Flying Officer J.G. Boyle of 41 Squadron during combat over Ashford at 10.30.  Aircraft crashed at Bethersden, Uffz E. Kind was killed.

Bf 109E-1 (5375) <|-+- of JG53 shot down by Flight Lieutenant P.C. Hughes of 234 Squadron at 15.45.  Aircraft force landed at Monkton Farm, Manston, Hptmn W. Meyerweissflog captured.

Bf 109E-1 (4017) of 7/JG53 was shot down by Pilot Officer R.F.T. Doe, Flight Lieutenant P.C. Hughes of 234 Squadron and Sub Lieutenant J.C. Carpenter and Flight Lieutenant A.C. Rabagliati of 46 Squadron during combat over Eastchurch at 15.50.  Aircraft crashed at Rayhams Farm, Lt J. Deutsch missing believed killed.

Bf 109E-1 (6252) of 9/JG53 shot down by Pilot Officer J. Zurakowski of 234 Squadron during combat over Sheppey at 15.38.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Hastings, Fw A. Ochsenkuhn was rescued by the 'Cyril and Lilian Bishop' lifeboat.

Bf 109E-4 (1096) 6+ of 1/JG54 was shot down by Flying Officer L.A. Haines of 19 Squadron during combat over Maidstone at 11.15.  Aircraft crashed into 6 Hardy Street, Maidstone, Uffz F. Hotzelmann baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (5291) of 3/JG54 shot down by Flight Lieutenant A.W.A. Bayne of 17 Squadron and Sergeant E. Scott of 222 Squadron during combat over Thameshaven at 15.20.  Aircraft crashed at Little Chalvedon Hall, Bowers Gifford, Pitsea, Hptmn F. Ultsch was killed.

Bf 109E-4 (5284) of 9/JG54 was shot down by Flying Officer Count M.B. Czernin of 17 Squadron during combat over the Thames Estuary at 15.20.  Aircraft crashed at South Benfleet, Fw H. Dettmer baled out but his parachute failed and was found dead at Station Lane in Pitsea Marshes.

He 111H-3 (3324) V4+AB of 1/KG1 shot down by Pilot Officer M.J. Herrick and Sergeant J. S. Pugh of 25 Squadron whilst bombing Tilbury at 01.10.  Aircraft crashed at Rendlesham, Eyke, Suffolk.  Major L. Maier, Oberfw E. Stockert, Uffz H. Bendig and Oberlt J-W. Graf Von Rittberg were all killed but Oberlt H-D. Biebrach baled out and captured.

He 111P (3065) 5J+JP of 6/KG4 was hit by anti-aircraft fire during a bombing sortie at 23.18 and the aircraft crashed at Suffolk Street, Sunderland.  Oberlt H-W. Schroder, Uffz F. Reitz, Obergefr R. Marten and Gefr J. Wich were all killed and buried at Hylton Cemetery, Castletown.

He 111H-2 (2632) A1+GR of 7/KG53 shot down by Sergeant C.A. Chew and Flying Officer Count M.B. Czernin of 17 Squadron, Pilot Officer E.S. Lock of 41 Squadron, Squadron Leader M.W.S. Robinson of 73 Squadron during combat over Thameshaven at 15.30.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea, West of Margate Hook Beacon.  Fw H. Bohn baled out but his body was washed ashore at Reculver on 3 October 1940, Uffz K. Bickl, Uffz F. Bolz, Uffz F. Bolz, Uffz F. Rosenberger and Gefr K. Haak were all missing believed killed.

He 111H-3 (3338) A1+CR of 7/KG53 was shot down by a combination of anti-aircraft fire and Flying Officer M.B. Czernin of 17 Squadron, Pilot Officer E.S. Lock of 41 Squadron, Sergeant J.J. Brimble of 73 Squadron during combat over Thameshaven at 15.30.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Nore.  Fw A. Maier and Uffz H. Lenger rescued by Royal Navy launch, Fw E. Agner, Uffz R. Armbruster and Gefr A. Nowotny were missing believed drowned.

6 September 1940

Luftwaffe launched three major raids during the course of the day.  The first and second in the morning and early afternoon targeted airfields but caused little damage.  The final attack in the evening concentrated on oil storage sites at Shellhaven, Corytown and Thameshaven with fires started, there was also a raid on Scilly Isles airfield.  During the night, German bombing concentrated on London (see images below) with more than 100 fires started with considerable damage caused to Royal Victoria Dock, Southwark, Camberwell and Bermondsey.  Elsewhere, Liverpool was targeted to a lesser extent and a German spy was dropped by parachute and captured at Denton at 17.20.  Total civilian casualties amounted to 27 killed and 219 injured.  The Luftwaffe lost 32 aircraft and 10 damaged.

Bf 110D/0 (3373) S9+BH of 1/ErproGr210 was shot down by Pilot Officer R.H. Dibnah and Pilot Officer G.E. Goodman of 1 Squadron during combat over Redhill at 09.04.  Aircraft crashed at Flow Meadow, Foyle Farm, Crowhurst, Uffz G. Ruger was killed and buried in an unmarked and unregistered grave but Gefr E. Ernst baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (5044) <+ of JG2 shot down by Flying Officer J. Topolnicki of 601 Squadron during combat at 09.00.  Aircraft crashed at Plumtree Farm, Headcorn, Lt M. Himmelheber baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (2781) of 7/JG26 was shot down by Sergeant M.C.B. Boddington of 234 Squadron during combat over Ashford at 09.30.  Aircraft force landed at Hothfield, Oberlt H-M. Christinnecke captured.

Bf 109E-1 5+1 of 7/JG26 shot down by Flight Lieutenant P.C. Hughes and Pilot Officer J. Zurakowski of 234 Squadron during combat over Beachy Head at 09.40.  Aircraft crashed at Swamp Farm, Old Romney, pilot was killed but so badly burned couldn't be identified and was buried at Folkestone New Cemetery in Hawkinge.

Bf 109E-1 (3225) 11+ of 3/JG27 was shot down by Pilot Officer G.H. Bennions of 41 Squadron during combat over the Thames Estuary at 18.15.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea at the Nore Boom, Oberlt W. Schuller baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (2762) 6+- of 5/JG27 shot down by Flight Lieutenant P.B. Robinson of 601 Squadron during combat over London at 09.20.  Aircraft crashed at Bank Farm, Tudeley, Fw E. Braun baled out and captured.

Bf 109E (1380) of 3/JG27 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant E.N. Ryder of 41 Squadron during combat over Thameshaven at 18.02.  Aircraft crashed at Shoeburyness artillery range bouy, Hptmn J-H. Schlichting baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-1 (6318) 8+ of 7/JG27 shot down by Pilot Officer J.N. MacKenzie of 41 Squadron during combat over Canterbury at 17.35.  Aircraft force landed at Blean, Uffz E. Nittmann captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1138) of 3/JG52 was shot down by Flying Officer W. Urbanowicz, Pilot Officer M. Feric and Sergeant J. Frantisek of 303 Squadron during combat over Sevenoaks at 11.30.  Aircraft crashed at Stone Street, Oberlt H. Waller baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1506) 5+| of 7/JG53 shot down by 41 and 222 Squadrons during combat over Dover at 18.30. Aircraft force landed at Vincents Farm, Manston, Uffz H-G. Schulte captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1129) of 8/JG53 was shot down by Pilot Officer G.H. Bennions of 41 Squadron during combat over Chatham at 18.00. Aircraft crashed at Kingsnorth Marshes, Fw E. Hempel baled out but killed.

Ju 88A (3176) F1+LP of 6/KG76 shot down by a combination of anti-aircraft fire and Pilot Officer R.W. Clarke of 79 Squadron and Flying Officer B.H. Bowring of 111 Squadron during combat over Kenley at 09.25. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Littlestone. Uffz H. Haenel and Obergefr H. Kohn were both killed with their bodies recovered from the Sea, Oberlt R. Wagner and Uffz F. Geyer were both missing believed killed.

Ju 88A (8104) F1+HP of 6/KG76 hit by anti-aircraft fire over Hastings and shot down by Flight Lieutenant M.H. Brown and Pilot Officer C.M. Stavert of 1 Squadron and Sergeant S. Karubin of 303 Squadron during combat at 09.15.  Aircraft force landed at Tanyards Farm, Tonbridge, Lt J. Kernbach, Oberfw W. Schumacher, Gefr R. Riesel and Uffz H. Agel were all captured.

Bf 109E-7 (3736) ^+O of 4/LG2 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire during a mission over the Thames Estuary with the aircraft crashing into the Sea off Nore at 18.15.  Lt H. Gultgen captured.

Bf 109E-7 (5567) ^+C of 6/LG2 shot down by anti-aircraft fire over Chatham at 18.14.  Aircraft force landed at Hawkinge, Fw W. Gottschalk was captured.

Bf 110C-4 (2145) 3U+CA of ZG26 crashed as a result of a technical problem over the Channel at 09.20.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Dover, Oberlt F. Viertel baled out and captured and Uffz R. Roth baled out and his body recovered from the Sea on 30 October 1940.

Bf 110C-4 (2146) U8+CL of 3/ZG26 was shot down by 111 Squadron during combat over Kenley at 09.35. Aircraft crashed at Cannons Hill, Coulsdon, Uffz C. Kiehn was killed and Uffz E. Neuz baled out and captured.

Bf 110D/0 (3405) 3U+HR of 7/ZG26 shot down by Flight Lieutenant J.I. Kilmartin and Squadron Leader C.B. Hull of 43 Squadron during combat over Tenterden and Bexhill at 09.40. Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Bexhill. Fw L. Kaufmann's body was recovered on the 28 September 1940 and Gefr G. Schumann's body was washed ashore at Sandgate on 6 October 1940 and buried at Folkestone New Cemetery in Hawkinge.



7 September 1940

The Luftwaffe began the bombing of London with raids on the Ford Motor Works at Dagenham, Beckton Gas Works and Royal Docks between 17.00 and 18.00 which set East London on fire from Tower Bridge to Woolwich. The German bombers returned at 19.30 to attack the same areas which were still in flames and didn't stop until 05.00 the next day.  The London Fire Service sent 600 pumps and crews from Yarmouth, Brighton, Rugby, Swindon and in between came to London's assistance.  Civil Defence volunteers were engaged in rescuing people from the rubble of their houses. The first day and night of the Blitz on London cost the lives of 436 civilians and 1,600 injured.

Bf 110C-4 (2216) 3M+LL of 3/ZG2 was shot down by Squadron Leader M.W.S. Robinson and Pilot Officer N.C. Langham-Hobart of 73 Squadron during combat at 17.20.  Aircraft crashed at Old Tree Farm, Hoath, Herne Bay, Lt F. Kislinger was killed and Uffz R. Dahnke baled out and captured.

Bf 110D/0 (3334) A2+NH of 2/ZG2 shot down by Flying Officer J.B. Holderness of 1 Squadron, Pilot Officer S. Janough of 310 Squadron and Flight Lieutenant B.J.E. Lane of 19 Squadron during combat over London at 17.10.  Aircraft crashed at Park Corner Farm, Hacton Lane, Hornchurch, Lt K. Schunemann and Uffz H. Mescheder both baled out and killed.

Bf 110D/0 (3185) A2+BH of 4/ZG2 was shot down by Squadron Leader D.R.S. Bader and Sub Lieutenant R.J. Cork of 242 Squadron during combat over London at 17.15.  Aircraft crashed at Swan Lane, Downham Hall, Wickford, Lt H-D. Abert and Uffz K. Scharf were both killed.

Bf 110D/0 (3328) A2+JH of 4/ZG2 shot down by Pilot Officer D.W. Crowley-Milling and Sub Lieutenant R.E. Gardner during combat over London at 17.30.  Aircraft crashed at Bullers Farm, Little Burstead, Lt K. Stix baled out and captured but Gefr H. Hetz was killed.

Bf 110C-4 (3570) A2+ML of 6/ZG2 was shot down by Sergeant B. Furst of 310 Squadron whilst in combat over London at 17.20.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Birchington, Oberlt W. Brede rescued by 'J.B. Proudfoot' lifeboat but Uffz A. Galla was killed.

Ju 88A 4U+BL of 3(F)/123 shot down by Sergeant L.S. Pilkington of 7 OTU during a reconnaissance mission over Liverpool and Bristol at 12.30.  Aircraft force landed at Hafotty-y-Bulch, Mallwyd, Machynlleth.  Oberlt H. Kauter, Lt E. Bohle, Fw W. Kobold and Uffz G. Leisner were all captured.

8 September 1940

During the day the Luftwaffe launched one raid within Kent between 11.00 and 13.00.  The night bombing of London began at 20.00 and continued until 05.00 the next day.  The East End was the target once again for most of the bombing.  German losses amounted to 16 destroyed and 8 damaged.  The images below from left to right are damaged houses in Stepney Way, Prime Minister Winston Churchill inspecting damage on the corner of Winchester Street and Factory Road in West Ham and in Mare Street in Hackney.

Do 17Z-3 (2668) U5+BN of 5/KG2 was shot down by ant-aircraft fire during a mission to bomb London's Docks at 12.45.  Aircraft crashed at Farningham Road Railway Station.  Oberlt J. Schneider, Uffz J. Schumacher, Obergefr H. Hoffmann and Flgr W. Kohl all baled out and captured.


Do 17Z-2 (1130) U5+FN of 5/KG2 was shot down by ant-aircraft fire during a mission to bomb London's Docks at 12.40. Aircraft crashed at Farningham Road Railway Station.  Lt O. Landenberger, Gefr P. Schutze and Obergefr F. Lotter were killed but Oberfw M. Strobel was captured.

Do 17Z (3415) U5+LN of 5/KG2 shot down by Sergeant S. Andrew of 46 Squadron and 605 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb London's Dock at 12.40.  Aircraft crashed at Hollingbourne, Leeds, Maidstone.  Oberlt M. Zeims was killed and buried at Maidstone Cemetery, Uffz H. Flick, Uffz W. Trost and Uffz W. Selter were all missing believed killed, their unidentified remains were buried at St Margaret's churchyard at Broomfield.

9 September 1940

The Luftwaffe launched one major daylight raid during the day in the evening which again targeted London by raids did reach as fas West as Salisbury.  During the night, the bombing of London began at 20.00 and continued until the early morning of the next day.  The Germans lost 29 aircraft and 16 damaged.  Images below shows Lloyds Bank in King William Street and King George VI viewing the damage in Arnott Street in Southwark.

Bf 109E-1 (6138) of 4/JG3 was shot down by Squadron Leader E.A. McNab of 1 (RCAF) Squadron during combat at 17.55.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Newhaven, Fw A-W. Muller was captured.

Bf 109E-1 (6316) 6+| of 7/JG3 shot down by RAF fighters during combat at 17.35.  Aircraft force landed at Cooper's Field, Flimwell, Hawkhurst, Uffz M. Massmann was captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1394) <+ of 1/JG27 was shot down by RAF fighters during combat at 17.45.  Aircraft force landed at Knowle Farm, Mayfield, Oberlt G. Bode was captured.

Bf 109E-1 (3488) 13+- of 5/JG27 shot down by RAF fighters during combat over London at 17.50.  Aircraft force landed on Charity Farm, Cootham, Storrington, Oberlt E. Daig captured.

Bf 109E-1 (6280) 7+- of 6/JG27 was shot down by Pilot Officer H.L. Whitbread of 222 Squadron during combat over London at 18.15.  Aircraft crashed at Mounts Farm, Benenden, Uffz G. Rauwolf baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1617) of 7/JG27 shot down by Sergeant J. Frantisek of 303 Squadron during combat at 18.00.  Aircraft crashed at Romans Gate Cottage, Rudgwick, Uffz K. Born was killed.

Bf 109E-4 (1508) 5+ of 1/JG53 was shot down by RAF fighters during combat over London at 18.00.  Aircraft crashed at Cherry Tree Farm, Old Jail Inn, Jail Lane, Biggin Hill.  Fw H. Honisch baled out and captured.

Bf 109E (6139) of 8/JG53 shot down by RAF fighters during combat at 18.15.  Aircraft crashed at Sundown Farm, Ditcham, Gefr P. Becker was killed.

He 111H-3 (5713) V4+BL of 3/KG1 was shot down by Sergeant P.A. Burnell-Phillips of 607 Squadron and Pilot Officer S. Zimprich of 310 Squadron during a mission to bomb London at 18.00.  Aircraft crashed at Sundridge, Sevenoaks, Oberlt E. Kiunka, Uffz A. Stumbaum, Uffz E. Marck, Gefr H. Reinecke and Oberfw A. Heidrich were all captured.

Ju 88A-1 (274) 4D+AA of KG30 shot down by 66 Squadron during a mission to bomb London's Docks at 18.00.  Aircraft force landed at Church Field, Newells Farm, Nuthurst, Horsham.  Oberlt R. Heim, Fw A. Fuhs, Uffz J. Beck and Uffz W. Baustian were all captured.

Ju 88A-2 (5074) 4D+KK of 2/KG30 was shot down by Squadron Leader R.H.A. Leigh, Pilot Officers H.R. Allen and I.J.A. Cruickshanks of 66 Squadron and Pilot Officer R. Deacon-Elliott of 72 Squadron during a mission to bomb London's Docks at 17.40.  Aircraft force landed at Bannisters Farm, Toulver Lane, Barcombe, Lewes (see image below of the smoking wreckage).  Oberlt H-G. Gollnisch, Uffz W. Rolf and Uffz W. Hamerla were all captured but Uffz E. Deibler killed.

Ju 88A (333) 4D+AD of 3/KG30 shot down by Squadron Leader A.V.R. Johnstone, Pilot Officer A. Lyall and Flying Officer P.C. Webb of 602 Squadron during combat at 17.50.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Pagham, Major J. Hackbarth and Oberfw H. Manger were both captured but Uffz W. Sawallisch and Gefr F. Petermann were both killed.

He 111H-2 (2630) A1+ZD of 3/KG53 was shot down when it collided with the Hawker Hurricane flown by Pilot Officer G.M. Forrester of 605 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb London at 17.50.  Aircraft crashed at Southfield Farm, Chawton, Alton.  Oberlt K. Meinecke and Fw O. Broderix both baled out and captured but Fw W. Wenninger, Fw W. Doring and Fw E. Wendorff were all killed.

Bf 110C-4 (3298) L1+DL of 15/LG1 shot down by Pilot Officer H.N. Tamblyn of 242 Squadron and Flying Officer S. Fejfar and Pilot Officer V. Bergman of 310 Squadron during combat over London at 18.00.  Aircraft crashed at Maori Sports Club, Old Malden Lane, Worcester Park, Uffz A.Pfaffelhuber and Uffz O. Kramp were both killed.

Bf 110C-4 (2137) 2N+FM of 7/ZG76 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire whilst over London at 18.00.  Aircraft crashed at Munns Gore, Borden, Sittingbourne, Uffz G. Bierling and Uffz F. Kuerella both baled out too low and were killed.

Bf 110C (3108) 2N+EP of 9/ZG76 shot down by RAF fighters during combat over London at 18.00.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Newhaven, Fw H. Koops was captured but Uffz C. Weiher's body was recovered off Galloways, Lydd on 20 October 1940.

Bf 110C (3207) of 9/ZG76 was shot down by being rammed by a Hawker Hurricane flown by Flying Officer J.E. Boulton of 310 Squadron during combat over London at 18.15.  Aircraft crashed at Woodcote Park Avenue, Woodmanstern, Lt E. Ostermuncher and Gefr W. Zimmermann were both killed.

10 September 1940

Due to poor weather conditions Luftwaffe activity was reduced during the day with minor raids on Yarmouth, Newhaven and in Kent and Sussex.  An evening raid on London was repulsed through RAF fighters turning the formation back.  During the night, bombing continued on London's Docks and Cardiff, Sheffield and Merseyside.  Total civilian casualties amounted to 30 killed and 346 injured, see below for seperate details on one deadly attack not included in these figures.  The Germans lost 13 aircraft including 8 Heinkel 111s of 2/KG4 as a result of a Bomber Command attack on Eindhoven airfield with a further 4 damaged.  The images below show a nurse standing outside the Nurse's Home at The Royal London Hospital which took a direct hit, a view of St Paul's Cathedral from Watling Street and the last two images are of South Hallsville School which was housing hundreds of families that had lost their home, as a result of organisational failings of not evacuating from the danger areas more than 70 lost their life when hit by bombs.

Do 17Z-3 (2778) F1+ET of 9/KG76 was shot down by 72 Squadron, Pilot Officer T.S. Wade, Sergeant R.H. Fokes of 92 Squadron and anti-aircraft fire whilst on a reconnaissance mission over London at 18.20.  Aircraft crashed at Lower Sheriffs Cottages, West Hoathley.  Oberlt W. Domenig and Uffz H. Strahlendorf were both killed, Uffz E. Nurnberg was badly wounded and admitted to East Grinstead Hospital and Gefr A. Greza was captured.

11 September 1940

One major attack by the Luftwaffe in the late afternoon that intended to bomb London but was largely turned back by determined RAF fighter resistance.  The areas that did receive attacks included Paddington, King's Cross, South Bromley, Charlton, Woolwich, Greenwich, Deptford, Lewisham, Surrey and Victoria Docks and the railway lines leading into London Bridge Station.  There was also attacks through shelling and bombing of Deal and Dover, and an attack on the Cunliffe Owen Aircraft Works near Eastleigh, Southampton.  During the night, bombing focused on London but met an effective anti-aircraft barrage but attacks did bomb Surrey Commercial Docks, Woolwich Arsenal and two hositals.  Other parts of the Country attack included Hull, St Helens, Warrington, Cardiff, Plymouth and Marlow.  Total civilian casualties included 48 killed and 247 injured.  The Germans lost 29 aircraft and 19 damaged.  The RAF Bomber and Coastal Commands launched bomber attacks on the barges in the Channel ports that were being assembled prior to the planned invasion.

Bf 109E-4 (1641) of 2/JG51 was shot down by Sergeant W.B. Higgins of 253 Squadron during combat at 16.00.  Aircraft crashed at Houndean Bottom, Lewes, Hptmn E. Wiggers was killed.


Bf 109E-1 (6293) 9+| of 8/KG51 shot down by Flight Lieutenant G.R. Edge of 253 Squadron during combat at 16.30.  Aircraft crashed at Foxhole Farm, Wadhurst, Fw H. Siemer was killed.


He 111H-3 (5606) V4+FA of KG1 was shot down by a combination of anti-aircraft fire and Pilot Officers A.B. Watkinson and C.A.W. Bodie of 66 Squadron and Flight Lieutenant J.C. Freeborn of 74 Squadron at 16.30.  Aircraft crashed at Broomhill Farm, Camber, Lt O. Behn, Fw J. Sommer, Uffz P. Moeck, Uffz G. Arndt and Gefr M. Mannich were all captured.

He 111H-3 (3233) V4+KL of 3/KG1 shot down by a combination of anti-aircraft fire and Flight Lieutenant D.G. Parnall, Pilot Officers T.F. Neil and W.B. Pattullo of 249 Squadron at 16.33.  Aircraft force landed at Hildenborough, Uffz H. Steinecke, Uffz W. Hirsch, Uffz E. Kramer, Gefr W. Pfeiffer and Gefr H. Pumpel were all captured.


He 111H-2 (5364) V4+RW of 6/KG1 was shot down by Squadron Leader R.H.A. Leigh, Flying Officer R.W. Oxspring and Sergeant D.A.C. Hunt of 66 Squadron and Flight Lieutenant A.R. Wright of 92 Squadron during combat at 16.40.  Aircraft force landed at Broomhill Farm, Camber, Uffz B. Hansen, Uffz K. Markert, Uffz J. Krall, Gefr G. Wilhelm and Uffz H. Wildehopf were all captured.


He 111H-4 (6962) 1H+AH of 1/KG26 shot down by Pilot Officer E.S. Lock of 41 Squadron whilst on a mission to bomb Woolwich Arsenal at 16.30.  Aircraft crashed at Cripps Corner, Sedlescombe, Hptm W. Kunstler, Fw E. Buttner, Uffz E. Schmidt were all captured but Fw J. Schafer and Uffz W. Schang were both killed.


He 111H-4 (6981) 1H+KH of 1/KG26 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant A.A. Mc Kellar and Pilot Officer R.E. Jones of 605 Squadron during combat over London at 16.10.  Aircraft force landed at Dieppe but Fw W. Jabusch baled out and captured in Uckfield, Lt F. Zimmermann, Fw G. Schilling and Oberfw W. Hasebrink stayed with the aircraft.


He 111H-3 (3157) 1H+ML of 3/KG26 shot down by anti-aircraft fire and Flight Lieutenant G.R. McGregor, Flying Officers H. de M. Molson and A. Yuile of 1 (RCAF) Squadron, Squadron Leader M.V. Blake and Pilot Officer . Rozycki of 238 Squadron, Pilot Officer J.F.J. MacPhail of 603 Squadron, Pilot Officers C.F. Currant and W.F. Glowacki of 605 Squadron, Sergeant S.A. Levenson of 611 Squadron during combat over London at 15.45.  Aircraft crashed at Hoopers Farm, Eden Road, Dormansland, Lingfield.  Oberlt W. Abendhausen, Uffz H. Hauswald both baled out and captured but Fw H. Westphalen, Uffz B. Herms and Gefr F. Zahle were all killed.


He 111H-3 (6903) 1H+JN of 5/KG26 was shot down by Flying Officer B. Van Mentz of 222 Squadron during combat over London at 17.00.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Hastings, Oberlt G-O. Bertram, Gefr G. Schroder and Gefr R. Endrich were all rescued by fishing boat but Lt F. Kramer was killed.


Bf 109E-7 (2029) of 3/LG2 shot down by Sergeant S. Wojtowicz of 303 Squadron and Sergeant J. Budzinski of 605 Squadron during combat at 16.15.  Aircraft crashed at Pilgrim's Way, Wrotham Hill, Uffz A. Hechmaier was killed and buried in Wrotham Cemetery.


Bf 110C-3 (1372) U8+HL of 2/ZG26 was shot down by RAF fighters during combat over London at 17.00.  Aircraft force landed at Cobham Farm, Charing, Fw H. Brinkmann and Uffz E. Gruschow were both captured.  

Bf 110C-4 (3625) 3U+HM of 2/ZG26 shot down by Flight Lieutenant A.W.A. Bayne and Flying Officer Count M.B. Czernin of 17 Squadron during combat over Thanet at 16.24.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Margate, Oberlt W. Henken was missing and Fw J. Radlmair's body washed ashore at Broadstairs Jetty on 23 October 1940 and buried at Manston Road, Cemetery, Margate.


Bf 110C-4 (3231) 3U+LT of 9/ZG26 was shot down by Sergeant B.J. Jennings of 19 Squadron and Pilot Officer W.J. Glowacki of 605 Squadron during combat over London at 16.00.  Aircraft crashed at Barnes Cote, Harvel, Oberlt J. Junghans was killed and Gefr P. Eckert was missing.

12 September 1940

Luftwaffe activity by both day and night was substantially reduced from previous days and confined to reconnaissance and nuisance raids. Single aircraft during the night bombed London, South Wales, Liverpool and the West Midlands. Total civilian casualties amounted to 57 killed and 128 injured. The Germans lost 7 aircraft and 7 damaged.  The image below shows St Mary-le-Bow church on Cheapside after a bombing raid with the Fire Brigade endeavouring to rescue the Sir Christopher Wren building from fire.

13 September 1940

The weather once again hampered both attackers and defenders with the Luftwaffe raids on Bangor (County Down), London and the airfields at Biggin Hill and Tangmere during the day.  At night, London, Weymouth, Ventnor and South Wales were also targeted for bombing.  Civilian casulaties amounted to 37 killed and 270 injured.  The Germans lost 7 aircraft and 2 damaged.  The images below show bomb damage to Buckingham Palace and the immediate surroundings.

He 111P (2670) 1G+DS of 8/KG27 collided with balloon cables over South Wales after bombing Ellesmere Port at 03.15.  Aircraft crashed at 32 Stow Park Avenue, Newport, Oberlt H. Wappler baled out and captured but Oberfw J. Elster, Uffz F. Berndt and Uffz H. Okuneck were all killed.

14 September 1940

Luftwaffe attacks were still curtailed due to preparations for more sustained operations on the following day.  London was the main target of daylight raids but single aircraft also bombed Clacton, Great Yarmouth, Ipswich, Southampton, Bournemouth, Hastings, Selsey, Littlehampton and Worthing.  Particularly deadly attacks included a cinema in Brighton which killed 35 and Warrington factory canteen that had a gala event which killed 14 people.  During the night, Chelsea, Fulham, Finsbury, Leyton, Lewisham and further afield bombs were dropped on Preston, Bootle, Leicester, Desborough and Ipswich.  Total civilian casulaties amounted to 94 killed and 426 injured. The Germans lost 13 aircraft and 8 damaged.  The image below shows the smouldering remains of the London and North Eastern Railway warehouses at Fenchurch Street Station.

He 111H-4 (3294) 5J+BL of 3/KG4 was shot down by Pilot Officers M.J. Herrick and A.W. Brown of 25 Squadron whilst bombing London at 01.55.  Aircraft crashed at Down Hall, Newmans End, Sheering (see images below of the tailplane wreckage and souvenir obtained by the Home Guard and Civil Defence0.  Oberlt H. Kell and Fw W. Hobe both baled out and captured but Uffz W. Muller-Wernscheid and Uffz H. Topfer were both killed.


Bf 109E-1 (5813) of 1/JG26 shot down by Sergeant A.S. Dredge of 253 Squadron during combat over Teynham at 16.00.  Aircraft crashed at Beacon Hill, Stone, Oberlt K. Dahne was killed.


Bf 109E-1 (3854) 4+ of 1/JG77 was shot down by Flying Officer B.R. MacNamara of 603 Squadron and Sergeant I. Hutchinson of 222 Squadron during combat over London at 16.30.  Aircraft force landed at Long Barn Farm, Boxley Hill, Detling, Fw H. Ettler was captured.

Bf 109E-7 (2014) ^+I of 6/LG2 shot down by Pilot Officer J.P. Lloyd and Sergeant W.T.E. Rolls of 72 Squadron, Pilot Officer E.S. Lock of 41 Squadron during combat over London at 18.35.  Aircraft crashed at Tennant Wood, New Front Street, Great Chart, Uffz V. Blazejewski baled out and captured.

15 September 1940

This would be considered the decisive day during the Battle and the date that is marked on an annual basis as Battle of Britain Day, the Germans recognised that Britain's defences were intact and a seaborne invasion couldn't be risked whilst Fighter Command still remained a credible threat.  The first Luftwaffe raid reached London by midday but had been countered by 22 squadrons of Fighter Command.  A few hours later, three waves of German aircraft targeted London but the first two waves were dispersed before reaching their target.  The final wave reached London but was met by 300 RAF fighters that inflicted the heaviest losses in a month.  Other daylight raids included Portland and the Supermarine Factory at Woolston but neither caused any serious damage.  The RAF had deployed 31 squadrons that demoralised the Luftwaffe crews who had been told that there were virtually no RAF fighters left.  During the night, bombing of London continued until 05.00 the next day with isolated raids on Nottinghamshire, Lincolnshire, Warwickshire, Shropshire and Scotland.  Total civilian casualties amounted to in excess of 56 killed and 233 injured.  The Germans lost 58 aircraft and 24 damaged.  The image below shows the log book entry for Squadron Leader R.S. Tuck for 15 September 1940.  Another image shows bomb damage to LeytonstoneHigh Road near to Rivett's motorcycle shop and a further image close by showing a Trustee Savings Bank branch.


Bf 109E-4 (5205) -+- of JG3 was shot down by Pilot Officer R.H. Holland of 92 Squadron during combat at 12.15.  Aircraft crashed into outbuildings at Tarpots Farm, Bilsington, Oberstlt H. Von Wedel was captured.

Bf 109E-1 (2685) of 1/JG3 shot down by Pilot Officer D.W. Crowley-Milling of 242 Squadron during combat over London at 15.00.  Aircraft crashed at St Michael's, Tenterden, Oberfw F. Hessel baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (1606) of 3/JG3 was shot down by RAF fighters at 15.30.  Aircraft crashed at Thorn Farm, Pluckley Brickworks, Oberlt H. Reumschussel baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-1 (6147) 5+ of 2/JG27 shot down by Sergeant D.G.S.R. Cox of 19 Squadron during combat at 12.30.  Aircraft crashed at Lodge Wood, Homestead, Isfield, Uckfield, Uffz A. Walburger was captured.

Bf 109E-4 (3266) of 7/JG51 was shot down by Pilot Officer W. Cunningham of 19 Squadron during combat at 14.30.  Aircraft crashed at Nelson Park, St Margaret's-at-Cliffe, Dover, Lt K. Bildau baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (2803) of 9/JG51 shot down by RAF fighters during combat at 14.20.  Aircraft crashed at Skinners Corner, Mascalls, Paddock Wood, Lt F. Klotz was killed.

Bf 109E-4 (3182) <+ of 1/JG52 was shot down by Pilot Officer G.H. Bennions of 41 Squadron and Pilot Officer C.A. McGaw of 73 Squadron during combat over Ashford at 12.00.  Aircraft crashed at Dering Wood, Berry Court, Biddenden Green, Lt H. Bertel baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (5197) of 1/JG53 shot down by Flying Officer A.D.J. Lovell and Pilot Officer J.D. Smith of 73 Squadron during combat over Canterbury at 12.09.  Aircraft crashed at Adisham Court, Bekesbourne, Fw H. Tschoppe baled out and captured but severely burned.

Bf 109E of 2/JG53 was shot down by Pilot Officer J.F.J. Macphail of 603 Squadron during combat over Maidstone at 12.45.  Aircraft crashed at Gore Wood, Aldington Court Farm, Bearstead, Oberlt R. Schmidt was killed and buried in St Mary's churchyard, Thurnham.

Bf 109E-4 (1590) of 3/JG53 shot down by Flight Sergeant G.C. Unwin of 19 Squadron and Flying Officer A.D. Nesbitt of 1 (RCAF) Squadron during combat over London at 12.50.  Aircraft crashed at Mullard Wood, Norheads Farm, Biggin Hill, Oberlt J. Haase baled out and killed due to parachute failing to open.

Bf 109E-1 (3619) 2+ of 3/JG53 was shot down by Flight Sergeant C. Sydney of 92 Squadron during combat over London at 12.42.  Aircraft force landed at Grand Redoubt between Hythe and Dymchurch, Uffz K-H. Feldmann captured.

Bf 109E-4 (3759) of 1/JG77 shot down by RAF fighters during combat at 15.30.  Aircraft crashed at Stuttfall Castle, Lympne, Oberlt H. Kunze was killed.

Do 17Z-3 (2678) U5+CN of 5/KG2 was shot down by Pilot Officer A. Lyall of 602 Squadron, Squadron Leader H.S. Darley, Flying Officer J.C. Dundas and Pilot Officer M.E. Staples of 609 Squadron and Flight Lieutenant G. ff. Powell-Shedden of 242 Squadron during combat at 15.15.  Aircraft force landed at Eighteen Pounder Farm, Westfield, Hastings.  Uffz F. Reinisch, Oberlt U. Latz and Fw K. Haase were all captured but Oberfw W. Hafner baled out and believed to have been drowned.

Do 17Z (3440) U5+PS of 8/KG2 shot down by Sergeant R.A. Innes of 253 Squadron, Flying Officer R.W. Oxspring of 66 Squadron, Pilot Officer H.P. Hill of 92 Squadron and anti-aircraft fire during combat at 15.05.  Aircraft crashed at The Chase, City Way, Chatham. Oberlt W. Kittmann, Uffz P. Langer, Uffz J. Stampfer and Flgr W. Kohler all baled out and captured.

Do 17Z (3405) U5+FT of 9/KG2 was shot down by Pilot Officer W.B. Pattullo of 46 Squadron and Pilot Officer B.G. Stapleton of 603 Squadron during combat at 15.15.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Herne Bay, Uffz H. Hoppe's body was washed ashore on the Isle of Sheppey on 18 September 1940, Oberfhr K-O. Staib's body was washed ashore on 30 September 1940 at Graveney Marsh, Gefr A. Hoffmann and Gefr J. Zierer were both rescued by Royal Navy launch.

Do 17Z-2 (3230) U5+ET of 9/KG2 was shot down by Squadron Leader J.E. McComb, Flying Officers M.P. Brown and T.D. Williams and Pilot Officer J.W. Lund of 611 Squadron during combat at 14.45.  The aircraft crashed at Cranbrook, Uffz R. Lenz, Uffz O. Krummheuer and Fw H. Glaser were all killed but Uffz J. Sehrt baled and captured.

Do 17Z-2 (3294) 5K+DM of 4/KG3 shot down by Pilot Officer A.E. Johnson of 46 Squadron, Pilot Officers H.P. Hill and D.G. Williams of 92 Squadron, Pilot Officer R.G.A. Barclay of 249 Squadron, Flying Officer B. Van Mentz of 222 Squadron, Flying Officer P.S. Turner of 242 Squadron and Flying Officer J.R. Hardacre of 504 Squadron during combat 14.23.  Aircraft crashed at Gladstone Road, Laindon Hills, Billericay.  Lt K. Dumler, Uffz H. Maskolus and Fw A. Vogel were all killed but Uffz G. Friebe baled out and captured.

Do 17Z-2 (3457) 5K+JM of 4/KG3 was shot down by Squadron Leader J. Sample of 504 Squadron and anti-airraft fire during combat over London at 14.45.  Aircraft crashed into houses in Perry Street, Barnehurst Golf Course, Dartford.  Uffz K. Hausburg baled out but killed due to parachute failure, Lt H. Michaelis and Flgr H. Bormann baled out and captured but Uffz W. Burbulla baled out but died of his wounds two days later in Dartford Hospital.

Do 17Z-3 (2881) 5K+CM of 4/KG3 shot down by Flight Lieutenant E.N. Ryder and Flying Officer J.G. Boyle of 41 Squadron, Flying Officer S. Fejfar of 310 Squadron and Pilot Officer R. Berry of 603 Squadron and anti-aircraft fire during combat at 14.45.  Aircraft force landed at Lower Stoke, Isle of Grain.  Gefr E. Schild, Uffz G. Wien, Fw M. Von Gortz and Gefr H. Weymar were all captured.

Do 17Z-2 (1176) 5K+DN of 5/KG3 was shot down by RAF fighters during combat over London at 15.00.  Aircraft crashed into the Thames Estuary, Fw K. Falke baled out and captured, Fw W. Franke's body was washed ashore at Sheerness on 30 September 1940, Hptmn E. Puttmann and Oberlt A. Langenheim were both missing believed killed.

Do 17Z-3 (3458) 5K+GN of 5/KG3 shot down by Pilot Officer P.J.T. Stephenson of 607 Squadron during combat over the Thames at 15.15.  Aircraft crashed at Combwell Wood, Kilndown, Goudhurst.  Oberlt H. Becker-Ross, Oberfw G. Bruckner, Fw A. Hansen and Fw W. Brinkmann were all killed and their unidentified remains were buried in All Saints Churchyard, Staplehurst.

Do 17Z-2 (4200) 5K+JN of 5/KG3 was rammed by Pilot Officer T.P.M. Cooper-Slipper of 605 Squadron during combat over London at 14.30.  Aircraft crashed into Widehurst Woods, Marden.  Oberfw E. Rilling baled out too low and killed, Oberfw H. Howind, Oberfw H. Hobel and Fw E. Zimmermann all baled out and captured.

He 111H-4 (6985) 1H+IH of 1/KG26 shot down by Squadron Leader E.A. McNab of 1 (RCAF) Squadron, Sub Lieutenant A.G. Blake of 19 Squadron, Pilot Officer H.C. Baker of 41 Squadron, Pilot Officers A.C. Cochrane and P.A. Mortimer of 257 Squadron and Sergeant E.M.C. Prchl of 310 Squadron during combat over London at 15.00.  Aircraft force landed at Asplens Head, Foulness.  Lt H. Streubel, Fw H. Schwarz, Fw W. Marenbach, Fw K. Potenberg and Gefr E. Domes were all captured.

He 111H-2 (3140) A1+DA of KG53 was shot down by Sergeant B. Furst of 310 Squadron and Flying Officer B.D. Russel of 1 (RCAF) Squadron during a bombing mission of Becton Gasworks at 14.50.  Aircraft crashed at Woolwich Arsenal, Fw A. Benz, Fw A. Schweiger, Uffz H. Meyer and Uffz G. Geiger were all killed but Fw M. Cionber baled out but badly injured and admitted to the Royal Herbert Hospital.


He 111H-2 (5120) A1+EL of 3/KG53 shot down by RAF fighters during a bombing raid on London's Docks at 14.55.  Aircraft forced landed at Horstead Hall, Botany Farm.  Fw F. Grotzki was killed, Uffz A. Gerding, Lt H. Boeckh, Uffz K. Altmann and Obergefr R. Kurzawski were all captured.

He 111H-2 (5481) A1+GL of 3/KG53 was shot down by Pilot Officer H.P. Hill of 92 Squadron during combat over London at 15.30.  Aircraft crashed at Bourne Farm, Sandhurst.  Uffz A. Lehner and Fw K. Rothig were both killed, Oberlt G. Buchner, Gefr H. Stamminger and Gefr H. Richter all baled and captured.

He 111H-3 (6843) A1+GM of 2/KG53 shot down by Pilot Officer D.G. Williams of 92 Squadron and anti-aircraft fire during a mission to bomb Victoria Docks at 16.00.  Aircraft crashed at Peasridge Farm, Frittenden, Staplehurst.  Major M. Gruber, Oberlt H-P. Schierning, Fw M. Nagl and Oberfw G. Schmidt all baled out and captured but Fw A. Grassi was killed.

He 111H-2 (5718) A1+LN of 5/KG53 was shot down by Pilot Officer R. Mottram of 92 Squadron during combat over London at 14.30.  Aircraft force landed at Trafford Farm, Benenden, Fw O. Maier and Gefr A. Hoffmann were both killed, Lt H. Bansch, Uffz S. Bauer and Uffz E. Buttler were all captured.

Do 17Z (2555) F1+FS of 8/KG76 shot down by Flying Officer J.C. Dundas and Pilot Officer E.Q. Tobin of 609 Squadron and anti-aircraft fire during a bombing raid on London's Docks at 12.10.  Aircraft force landed at Castle Farm, Shoreham, see images below of Home Guard in front of wreckage and carrying the crew on stretchers.  Fw S. Schmid was captured but died of his wounds later in the day, Fw H. Pfeiffer, Fw M. Sauter and Fw R. Heitsch were all captured.

Do 17Z (2814) F1+AT of 9/KG76 was shot down by Flight Sergeant J. Kominek of 310 Squadron, Sergeants C.A.L. Hurry and G.W. Jefferys of 46 Squadron, Pilot Officer V.M.M. Ortmans and Sergeant R.J. Ommaney of 229 Squadron during combat over London at 12.20.  Aircraft crashed at Argos Hill Lodge, Red Lane Farm, Rotherfield.  Obergefr K. Bohme, Gefr J. Kotone and Lt A. Wagner were both killed and GefrP. Holdenried tried to bale out but parachute wrapped around the tailplane and was killed.

Do 17Z-2 (3322) F1+DT of 9/KG76 shot down by Sergeant E. Tyrer of 46 Squadron, Flight Lieutenant R.F. Rimmer of 249 Squadron, Flight Lieutenant P.M. Brothers and Pilot Officer P.A. Mortimer of 257 Squadron, Sergeant E.W. Wright of 605 Squadron and Pilot Officer H.N. Tamblyn of 242 Squadron during a combat over London at 12.30.  Aircraft crashed at Underriver, Sevenoaks.  Oberfw H. Streit, Fw W. Seuffert and Fw W. Raab all baled and captured but Uffz E. Malter but was killed due to his parachute fouling the aircraft.


Bf 110C-3 (3802) L1+IH of 13/LG1 was shot down by RAF fighters during combat at 15.15.  Aircraft crashed at Rippers Cross, Hothfield Farm, Hothfield, Ashford.  Oberlt H. Muller was killed and Fw A. Hoffmann died of his wounds later in the day.

Bf 109E-7 (2061) of 1/LG2 shot down by Sergeant M. Wojciechowski of 303 Squadron and Sergeant G.J. Bailey of 603 Squadron during combat over London at 15.00.  Aircraft crashed at Hartslip Churchyard, Rainham, Uffz H. Streibing baled out and captured.


Bf 109E-7 (2058) 2+ of 3/LG2 was shot down by Flying Officer L.A. Haines of 19 Squadron during combat over London at 14.45.  Aircraft crashed at Shellness, Uffz A. Klick was captured.


Do 17Z-3 (2651) F1+FL of 3/KG76 shot down by Pilot Officer J.R.B. Meaker of 249 Squadron, Flight Lieutenant W.J. Leather, Flying Officer T.D. Williams and Pilot Officer P.S.C. Pollard of 611 Squadron, Flight Lieutenant K. McL. Gillies and Pilot Officer C.A.W. Bodie off 66 Squadron and Flight Lieutenant J.W. Villa of 92 Squadron during combat at 12.40.  Aircraft crashed at Alcrofts Farm, Sturry.  Oberfw K. Niebler, Fw K. Wissmann and Uffz J-F. Schatz were all killed.  Oberlt K-E. Wilke and Uffz H. Zrenner both baled out and captured.


Do 17ZZ (2578) F1+BS of 8/KG76 was shot down by Pilot Officer A.R.H. Barton of 253 Squadron during combat at 12.20.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Herne Bay.  Fw L. Keck's body washed ashore at Herne Bay on 29 September 1940 and Uffz G. Rosenow's body washed ashore on 15 October 1940 at Southwold, Uffz O. Zahn and Uffz H. Heitmann were both missing believed killed.


He 111H-1 (2771) A1+AN of 5/KG53 shot down by Flying Officer R.W. Oxspring, Sergeants C.A. Parsons and D.A.C. Hunt of 66 Squadron, Pilot Officer H.P. Hill of 92 Squadron, Flight Lieutenant R.F. Rimmer, Flying Officers V.M. Bright and G.M. Simpson of 229 Squadron, Squadron Leader M.V. Blake of 238 Squadron, Flying Officer N.K. Stansfeld of 242 Squadron, Pilot Officer K.T. Lofts of 249 Squadron, Squadron Leader J. Sample and Flying Officer P.T. Parsons of 504 Squadron and Flying Officer P.W. Lochnan of 1 (RCAF) Squadron during combat at 15.00.  Aircraft force landed at West Malling airfield, Obergefr E. Sailler and GefrH. Lange were both killed, Uffz O. Zilling, Fw R. Lichtenhagen and Fw K. Behrendt were all captured.


Do 17Z (2361) F1+FH of 1/KG76 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant J. Jefferies, Sergaents J. Hubacek, R. Puda and J. Kaucky of 310 Squadron, Pilot Officers J. Curchin and A.K. Ogilvie of 609 Squadron, Flying Officer P.T. Parsons of 504 Squadron, Pilot Officer A.C. Cochrane of 257 Squadron and rammed by Sergeant R.T. Holmes of 504 Squadron during combat over London at 11.50.  Aircraft crashed at Wilton Road, Victoria Railway Station, see four images below showing the aircraft before impact, wreckage to the front Of Victoria Station and the recovery of parts from the streets and rooftops.  Uffz H. Goschenhofer and Uffz G. Hubel were both killed, Oberlt R. Zehbe (see image below of burial marker) baled out and landed in Kennington where he was attacked by civilians and died of his wounds the next day and buried in Brookwood Military Cemetery, Obergefr L. Armbruster and Uffz L. Hammermeister both baled out and captured.

16 September 1940

The Luftwaffe launched one significant raid at 08.00 targeting London but was repulsed before reaching the City.  There was also scattered raids through the day which included London but damage was limited.  During the night, London again was the main target with 200 tons of bombs dropped.  Total civilian casualties amounted to circa 100 deaths and 440 injured.  The Germans lost 12 aircraft and 7 damaged.

He 115C (3261) S4+CL of 3/506 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire whilst attacking a convoy off Alnmouth at 15.00.  Aircraft force landed on the Sea and eventually towed into Eyemouth harbour and beached, see image below.  Hptmn E-W. Bergmann, Oberlt C. Lucas, Fw E. Kalinowski and Hptmn H. Kriependorf were all rescued by a fishing boat.


He 115C (2754) 8L+GH of 1/906 crashed near Aberdour due to bad weather at 22.00.  Hptmn H. Kothe, Uffz H. Meissner and Lt zur Zee H-O. Aldus were all captured.

Ju 88A-1 (7087) B3+HH of 1/KG54 collided with a balloon cable near Coventry whilst on a bombing raid at 23.06.  Aircraft crashed at Withybrook, see image below of newspaper coverage of the event.  Fw H. Baur and Fw K. Perleberg both baled out and captured.  Hptmn W. Henke and Uffz H. Rattay were both killed and buried at Oaston Road Cemetery, Nuneaton.

17 September 1940

The Luftwaffe launched one major raid in the afternoon but withdrew after interception by the RAF between Lympne and Deal.  During the night, London was the main target for bombing but there were raids on Liverpool, South Wales, Glasgow, Digby, East Anglia and Middlesborough.  Total civilian casulaties amounted to 111 killed and 570 injured.  The Germans lost 8 aircraft and 9 damaged.  Images below show the damage surrounding St Mary-le-Strand church in London and the approaches to the original Blackwall Tunnel.

Bf 109E-1 (6294) 2+1 of 7/JG26 had engine failure and force landed at Broomhill Farm, Camber, Rye at 15.45.  Uffz K-H. Bock was captured.

Bf 109E-1 (3177) was shot down by Pilot Officer G.H. Bennions of 41 Squadron during combat over Faversham at 15.40.  Aircraft crashed at Bishopden Wood, Dunkirk, Uffz M. Langer was killed.


Ju 88A-1 (2152) B3+OL of 3/JG54 shot down by Sergeants G. Laurence and W.T. Chard of 141 Squadron during combat over Maidstone at 23.45.  Aircraft crashed at St Andrews Close and Tonbridge Road in Maidstone, see image below of wreckage.  Lt R. Ganzlmayr, Oberfw W. Fachinger, Uffz . Bauer and Uffz K. Schlossler were all killed and buried in Maidstone Cemetery.


Ju 88A-1 (3188) L1+XC of 2/LG1 was shot down by Flying Officer P.G. St G. O'Brian, Pilot Officer E.S. Marrs and Sergeant K.C. Holland of Blue Section of 152 Squadron whilst on a bombing mission to Speke aircraft factory at 14.00.  Aircraft crashed at Ladywell Barn, Warminster.  Major H. Cramer, Oberfw P. Stutzel and Fw F. Schultz were all captured but Lt O. Heinrich was killed.

18 September 1940

The Luftwaffe launched three major raids during the day at 09.00, 12.30 and 16.30 targeting London with 800 aircraft.  During the night, London was bombed from 21.00 until 05.00 the next day, Liverpool and the North East were also attacked.  Total civilian casualities amounted to 239 killed and 710 injured.  The Germans lost 20 aircraft and 8 damaged.  The image below shows the John Lewis store in Oxford Street, London which was demolished and rebuilt in the late 1950s

Do 215 (0038) G2+KH of 4/AufklarungsGruppe ObdL was shot down by 303 Squadron during a reconnissance mission over Kent at 13.15.  Aircraft crashed at Collier Street, Yalding, Lt H. Poser, Uffz A. Linsner and Uffz A. Wiesen all baled out and captured but Fw H. Schutz was killed.

Bf 109E-4 (5388) of 1/JG27 shot down by Pilot Officer A.G. Lewis of 249 Squadron and Pilot Officer R. Reid of 46 Squadron during combat over Sittingbourne at 12.30.  Aircraft crashed at Squirrels Wood, Stockbury, Oberlt R. Krafftschick missing believed killed.

Bf 109E-1 (6327) 7+ of 9/JG27 was shot down by Pilot Officer J.S. Morton of 603 Squadron during combat over Canterbury at 13.15.  Aircraft crashed at Harringe Court, Sellindge, Fw E. Schulz captured and admitted to hospital with severe wounds and died on 26 September 1940 at Royal Herbert Hospital in Woolwich.

Bf 109E-1 (2674) 1+ of 9/JG27 shot down by Flying Officer W.A.A. Read of 603 Squadron during combat over Canterbury at 13.10.  Aircraft force landed on Royal St George's Golf Links at Willow Farm, Sandwich, Gefr W. Glockner was captured.

Bf 109E-1 (4842) 10+- of 4/JG53 was shot down by Flying Officer R.W. Oxspring of 66 Squadron during combat over Canterbury at 17.05.  Aircraft crashed at Guilton, Ash, Sandwich, Lt E. Bodendick baled out and captured.

Ju 88A-1 (3173) 3Z+ED of 3/KG77 shot down by Flight Lieutenant W.G. Clouston, Pilot Officer W. Cunningham and Sergeant D.E. Lloyd of Red Section of 19 Squadron during combat over Tilbury Docks at 18.30.  Aircraft crashed at Eastry Mill, Sandwich, Major M. Klehs and Oberlt F. Lauth were both killed, Fw F. Himsel and Fw F. Probst both baled out and captured.

Ju 88A-1 (5098) 3Z+KR of 7/KG77 was shot down by Pilot Officer C.A.W. Bodie of 66 Squadron during combat over Tilbury Docks at 17.30.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Shoeburyness, Fw E. Wurche and Fw J. Nolte's bodies were washed ashore at Southend on 4 October 1940 and Fw E. Friedel's body washed ashore at Caister on 25 October 1940 and Uffz G. Stammnitz also drowned after baling out.

Ju 88A-1 (3147) 3Z+AS of 8/KG77 shot down by Pilot Officer H.M.T. Heron of 66 Squadron and Pilot Officer S. Wapniarek of 302 Squadron during combat over Tilbury Docks at 17.50.  Aircraft crashed into the Thames Estuary off Southend, Uffz P. Wiedemuller baled out and captured but Uffz A. Smorlarczyk was killed, Uffz K. Kunkler and Oberfw W. Brendel were both missing believed killed.

Ju 88A-1 (5100) 3Z+HS of 8/KG77 was shot down by 92 Squadron, Squadron Leader D.R.S. Bader of 242 Squadron, Flight Lieutenant K. McL. Gillies of 66 Squadron, Pilot Officer R.G.A. Barclay of 249 Squadron, Pilot Officers E. Pilch and W.E. Karwowski of 302 Squadron during combat over Tilbury Docks at 17.30.  Aircraft crashed into the Thames Estuary off Sheerness, Fw W. Haret baled out and captured but Oberlt H-L. Weber and Fw A. Krimpmann were both killed and Gefr M. Neuweg was missing believed killed.

Ju 88A-1 (5097) 3Z+ES of 8/KG77 shot down by Flying Officer L.A. Haines, Flight Sergeants G.C. Unwin and H. Steere of 19 Squadron during combat over Tilbury Docks at 17.00.  Aircraft crashed at Mocketts Farm, Harty, Isle of Sheppey, Fw H. Damschen was killed, Oberfw W. Semerau and Uffz H. Treutmann were both missing believed killed and Uffz K. Eggert baled out but died of his injuries at Chathan Royal Navy Hospital on 24 September 1940.

Ju 88A-1 (3162) 3Z+FS of 8/KG77 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire, Pilot Officer H.P. Hill of 92 Squadron, Squadron Leader D.R.S. Bader of 242 Squadron, Flying Officer J. Kowalski and Sergeant S. Paterek of 302 Squadron during combat over Tilbury Docks at 17.30.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Nore, Sheerness, Oberlt G. Fuchs was killed, Fw H. Stier and Obergefr P. Baumann both baled out and rescued by MTBs and Gefr J. Fohlinger was missing believed killed.

Ju 88A-1 (5104) 3Z+FS of 9/KG77 shot down by Sergeant S. Plzak of 19 Squadron during combat over Tilbury Docks at 17.00.  Aircraft crashed at Cooling Court, Cooling, Uffz A. Kurz and Gefr R. Kuhn were both killed, Uffz K. Burkant and Uffz H. Glaeseker both baled and captured.

Ju 88A-1 (3168) 3Z+FT of 9/KG77 was shot down by Flying Officer S. Fejfar, Flight Sergeant M. Jiroudek, Sergeants E.M.C. Prchal and R. Puda and Pilot Officer V. Bergman of 310 Squadron during combat at 17.40.  Aircraft crashed at Vange Creek, Pitsea Marshes near Basildon, see image below of boys amongst the wreckage.  Fw O. Wahl, Gefr H. Buschbeck and Gefr P. Lesker were all killed but Fw O. Graf baled out and captured.

19 September 1940

Adverse weather reduced Luftwaffe activity during the day and focused on reconnaissance missions over Britain.  Hitler abandoned his intended plans to invade as a result of determined resistance by the RAF in terms of defending attacks and the destruction of the invasion barges by Bomber Command.  During the night, bombing targeted London, Isle of Wight, Liverpool, Kent, Wales and Suffolk.  Total civilian casualities amounted to 68 killed and 122 injured.  The Germans lost 10 aircraft and 9 damaged.

Ju 88A-1 (362) 7A+FM of 4(F)/121 suffered engine failure and force landed at Oakington airfield at 15.00.  Lt H. Knab, Uffz H-J. Zscheket, Uffz J. Thoring and Obergefr E. Bresch were all captured.

Ju 88A-1 (7058) 9K+DL crashed in the Sea off the Sussex coast.  Uffz W. Henker's body washed ashore at Brighton on 4 November 1940 at Brighton and buried there, Oberfw H. Luckhardt's body was washed ashore on 14 October 1940 at Seaford, Fw W. Walter and Gefr R. Roder were both missing believed killed.

He 111P-2 (2146) G1+GL of 3/KG55 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire during a mission to bomb London at 23.40.  Aircraft crashed at Thorley Wash, Spellbrook, Bishop's Stortford.  Uffz H. Pohl, Uffz W. Goliath and Fw T. Alpers were all killed and buried in Saffron Walden Cemetery, Uffz W. Gertz baled out and captured.


Ju 88A-1 (2151) 3Z+GH of 1/KG77 shot down by Flying Officer J. Kowalski, B Flight, 302 Squadron during a bombing mission over London at 11.30.  Aircraft crashed at Culford School, Bury St Edmunds, see image below of wreckage.  Uffz P. Dorawa, Obergefr E. Schulz and Gefr Scholz were all killed and Uffz E. Etzold was captured.

20 September 1940

The Luftwaffe mounted only one major raid during the day which was predominately fighter sweeps over Kent at midday.  There was bombing around the viaduct at Brighton which killed 11 people and affected the water supply.  During the night, London was the main target but also Ipswich, Colchester, Chelmsford, Romford and North Weald were also attacked including the greater use of parachute mines.  Total civilian casulaties amounted to 84 killed and 280 injured.  The Germans lost 8 aircraft and 6 damaged.  

Bf 109E-4 (2789) of 9/JG27 was shot down by RAF fighters during combat over Kent at 11.50.  Aircraft crashed at Ospringe, Uffz E. Clauser was killed and buried in the Churchyard of St Peter and St Paul, Ospringe as an unknown German airman.

Ju 88A-1 (4148) B3+HM of 4/KG54 suffered serious loss of control over London and crashed into 2 and 4 Richmond Avenue, Merton at 00.20, see image below.  Fw W. Schlake baled out and captured but Oberfw M. Rohrig, Fw H. Fischer and Gefr K. Neumann were all missing believed killed.  One of the occupants, Mrs Mary Butcher aged 25 died six days later of her injuries in Nelson Hospital.

21 September 1940

Luftwaffe activity was largely reduced to coastal reconnissance and a late evening fighter sweep during the day over Kent.  At night, East Anglia, London and Liverpool were targets with nuisance raids across the country.  Total civilian casualties amounted to 42 killed and 390.  The Germans lost 10 aircraft and 3 damaged.

Ju 88A-1 (2088) L1+AL of 3/LG1 was shot down by Flying Officer C.T. Davis and Sergeant S.E. Bann of 238 Squadron, anti-aircraft fire, Pilot Officers A. Lyall and O.V. Hanbury of 602 Squadron during a reconnissance mission over RAF airfields at 15.12.  Aircraft force landed at Old Fishbourne, Bosham, Oberlt K. Sodemann, Fw O. Bergstrasser, Fw W. Lorenz and Gefr E. Bossert were all captured.

Do 215 (0023) VB+KK of 2(F)/121 shot down by Pilot Officer D.A. Adams of 611 Squadron during a reconnissance mission over Liverpool at 16.55.  Aircraft crashed at Trawsfynydd, Merioneth, Uffz G. Pelzer was killed, Lt W. Book, Fw K. Jensen and Fw H. Kuhl were all captured.

22 September 1940

Luftwaffe activity was of a limited scale and the only significant event was the bombing of the railway line near Basingstoke.  During the night, London was the central target but Luton suffered an attack on a transport depot and damage to houses due to a parachute mine.  Total civilian casualties amounted to 78 killed and 290 injured.  The Germans lost 8 aircraft and 4 damaged.

Ju 88A-1 (0352) 7A+AM of 4(F)/121 was shot down by Pilot Officer T.M. Kane and Sergeant A.S. Harker of 234 Squadron during a reconnissance over the Channel at 16.54.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea, 50 miles South East of Start Point, Lt H. Bottcher, Fw T. Vater, Uffz W. Muller and Uffz P. Rabe were rescued by a trawler after ten hours in their dinghy.

23 September 1940

Luftwaffe launched a number of attacks on London that were largely repulsed but there were isolated raids on Hastings, Bexhill, Eastbourne and Seaford.  During the night, London was more heavily attacked with disruption to railway communications, roads blocked, two main sewers blocked, direct hits on public shelters in East Ham and Clarnico's Factory in Poplar, electricity black out due to the severing of Wimbledon-Battersea cable.  Bombing also involved Liverpool, East Anglia and the South East with around 100 houses damaged in Bury St Edmunds.  Total civilian casulaties amounted to 130 killed and 414 injured.  The Germans lost 17 aircraft and 4 damaged.  Bomber Command launched 119 aircraft on a raid on Berlin in response to the attacks on London.  See image below of a German reconnissance photograph of Bristol taken on this day with the Filton Aircraft Factory at the bottom centre.

Ju 88A-1 (0130) 4U+CL of 3(F)/123 crashed into the Sea during a reconnissance mission.  Lt K. Keller and Obergefr E. Euler were both missing believed killed, Oberfw E. Gotz's body was recovered from Stokes Bay on 15 October 1940 and buried in Ann's Hill Cemetery in Gosport.

Bf 109E-4 (1969) 2+- of 4/JG2 was shot down by Flight Lieutenant I.H. Cosby and Sergeant N.V. Glew of 72 Squadron whilst defending bombers at 10.00.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea between Folkestone Railway Pier and Copt Point, Uffz F. Dilthey (see image below of him being carried on a stretcher at Folkestone Railway Station) was rescued by a soldier and fishing boat.


Bf 109E-1 of JG3 shot down by Squadron Leader R.R.S. Tuck of 257 Squadron during combat at 09.45.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea, North of Cap Gris Nez, Oberlt W. Hopp's body was washed ashore and buried at Ipswich.


Bf 109E-1 (6304) 3+| of 7/JG3 was shot down by Pilot Officer G.H. Bennions of 41 Squadron during combat over Deal at 10.22.  Aircraft crashed into the Channel off Kingsdown, Uffz K. Elbing baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (5817) 9+| of 8/JG26 shot down by Flight Lieutenant C.B.F. Kingcombe of 92 Squadron during combat over Hythe at 10.00.  Aircraft crashed at Biddenden, Tenterden, Oberfw G. Grzymalla baled out and captured.

Bf 109E-4 (3735) 4+| of 8/JG26 was shot down by Flying Officer J.F. Drummond of 92 Squadron during combat over Maidstone at 09.55.  Aircraft force landed at Yanlett Battery, Grain Fort, Isle of Grain, Fw A. Kupper was captured.


Bf 109E-4 (1516) 5+ of 3/JG54 shot down by Flying Officer J.C. Boulter and Flight Lieutenant H.K. MacDonald of 603 Squadron during combat over Thanet at 10.25.  Aircraft crashed at Broome Park, Oberfw H. Knippscheer baled out but his body washed ashore at Reculver on 27 October 1940 and buried at St John's Cemetery, Manston Road, Margate.

24 September 1940

The Luftwaffe launched two major raids in the morning focusing on towns in Kent.  In the afternoon smaller raids concentrated on Southampton and the Sussex coast.  

The Supermarine Aviation Works at Southampton were attacked by 17 aircraft at 13.50 and again by 3 aircraft at 16.15.  The first raid was led by Martin Lutz of TG210 and achieved a surprise attack with the workforce of Supermarines receiving little warning of the raid. The factory sites weren’t damaged but the bombs straddled the railway embankment and crucially the air raid shelters just as the workers were arriving. A shelter was hit (24 killed, 75 injured) but the works were only slightly damaged, and the effect on production would be small.  Some damage to railway lines and private property, and numerous small fires were caused.  Total casualties in the two raids - 33 dead, 69 seriously injured and 120 slightly. The uninjured workers had to dig out people who had been buried as a result of the bombing and administer first aid as best they could. Female ambulance drivers then ferried the injured to the Royal South Hants Hospital showing great courage as they had to drive through the second raid later in the afternoon. Martin Lutz was awarded the Knight’s Cross for this raid but his luck ran out three days later when he was shot down during a raid on the Bristol Aeroplane Factory.  Image of map below showing the factory site.

During the night, London was heavily attacked by over 100 aircraft with more minor attacks on Liverpool, Wales and South East England.  Images below show damage to Tottenham Court Road, anti-aircraft guns firing and the King and Queen visiting St Thomas’s Hospital.  Civilian casualties amounted to 113 killed and 555 injured.  The Germans lost 11 aircraft and 13 damaged.


He 111H-3 (3322) 1H+GP of 6/KG26 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire whilst on a mission to bomb Beckton Gas Works at 01.37.  Aircraft crashed at Gordon Boys Home, West End, Chobham (see image below of wreckage), Uffz K. Niemeyer, Gefr H. Leibnitz, Gefr S. Wenlich and Gefr W. Jenreck all baled out and captured.

Erprobungs Gruppe 210, Messerschmitt Bf 110D/0 (3384).  Shot down by anti-aircraft fire during sortie over the English coast and crashed in the sea off Southampton Water.  Lt von der Horst and Obergefr. Ollers both missing.  Aircraft S9+HH lost.  

II/ZG76, Messerschmitt Bf 110C-4 (2159).  Returned to base damaged by AA fire during sortie over Southampton.  Lt Calame wounded.  Aircraft 10% damaged. See image below of damage caused to the trailing edge of the wing.
 
Messerschmitt Bf 110C-2 (2638).  Damaged by AA fire during sortie over Southampton and returned to base with one NCO wounded.  Aircraft 10% damaged. 


III/ZG76, Messerschmitt Bf 110C-4 (3534).  Crashed in the Channel off Southampton due to flak damage.  Uffz. Hedwig and Uffz.  Mirow both missing.  Aircraft 2N+DN lost. 
 
Messerschmitt Bf 110C-4 (3251).  Hit by AA fire during sortie over the Channel off Southampton and crashed in sea.  Both NCOs rescued from sea unhurt by Seenotdienst. Aircraft lost.

25 September 1940

Bristol Aeroplane Company factory at Filton was heavily attacked by the Luftwaffe at midday with severe damage to aircraft production and 60 workers killed and 150 injured.  Part of this mission broke away to bomb the Portland oil tanks.  Later in the afternoon they attacked Plymouth.  During the night, bombing raids were made on London, South Wales, Derby, Midlands, West Country, Lincolnshire, Humberside and South West.  Civilian casualties amounted to 144 killed and 618 injured.  The Germans lost 17 aircraft and 6 damaged.

He 111H (6305) G1+BH of 1/KG55 was shot down by Pilot Officer J.S. Wigglesworth of 238 Squadron and Pilot Officer J. Curchin of 609 Squadron after bombing Filton at 12.00.  Aircraft force landed at Westfield Farm, Studland, Swanage, see image below of wreckage with soldiers in front.  Hptmn K. Kothke, Gefr R. Weissbach, Fw F. Jurges and Flgr O. Muller were all captured but Uffz J. Altrichter died of his wounds.


He 111P (2126) G1+DN of 5/KG55 shot down by anti-aircraft fire whilst on a mission to bomb Filton at 11.50.  Aircraft crashed at Portbury Racecourse Farm, Oberlt G. Weigel, Oberfw A. Narres, Gefr K. Geib, Fw K. Gersmeier and Fw G. Engel all baled out and captured.


He 111P (1525) G1+EP of 6/KG55 was shot down by Flying Officer I.N. Bayles and Sergeant K.C. Holland of 152 Squadron and Pilot Officer J.R. Urwin-Mann and Sergeant R. Little of 238 Squadron after bombing Filton at 12.02.  Aircraft crashed at Church Farm, Woolverton, Frome, Oberfw G. Wittkamp, Oberfw R. Kirchhoff, Uffz H. Merz and Gefr R. Beck were all killed but Hptmn H. Brandt baled out and captured.


He 111H (2803) G1+LR of 7/KG55 shot down by Pilot Officers N. leC. Agazarian of 609 Squadron, J.R. Urwin-Mann of 238 Squadron and R.F.G. Miller of 609 Squadron whilst bombing Filton at 12.08.  Aircraft crashed at Chatsworth, Westminster Road, Branksome Park. Uffz K. Schraps baled out and captured but Oberlt H-H. Scholtz, Uffz J. Hanft, Uffz G. Weidner and Oberlt H. Brocker were all killed.


Do 18 (393) M2+EK of 2/106 was shot down by Pilot Officer G.H. Russell, Sergeants D.E. Pearson and J.E. Goldsmith of 236 Squadron during a reconnissance mission over St George's Channel at 16.15.  Aircraft crashed into the Sea off Ushant, Oberlt J. Heuveldop, Fw E. Brasch and Uffz W. Kahlfeld were all missing believed killed and Oberlt zur See H.D. Stelle's body was washed asore at Church Cove, Lizard Rock on 26 October 1940.


Bf 110C (2185) L2+ER of 7(F)/LG2 shot down by Pilot Officer J.M.F. Dewar of 229 Squadron whilst on a reconnissance mission to London at 11.40.  Aircraft crashed at Beeneys Lane, Beaulieu Farm, Baldslow, Hastings.  Oberlt E. Weyergang was killed and Fw. G. Nelson died of his wounds, both buried in Hastings Cemetery.


Bf 110C-4 (3591) 3U+GS of 8/ZG26 was shot down by Pilot Officers W.D. Williams of 152 Squadron and H.C. Mayers of 601 Squadron whilst escorting bombers to Filton at 12.15.  Aircraft crashed at Well Bottom, Boyton, Fw W. Scherer was captured and admitted to Warminster Hospital but Gefr H. Schumacher was killed.

26 September 1940

Luftwaffe attacks during the day centered on Skinningrove Ironworks, Whitby, Henlow Camp, Coventry, Southampton, Eastbourne, Hastings, Bexhill and shelling of Dover.

The attack on Southampton was of major importance - enemy formations totalled about 100 aircraft and the main objectives was the Supermarine Aviation Works. The factory sirens began just after 4pm and on this occasion, gave the workers ample time to evacuate. The raid was escorted by 60 Me 110 fighters of ZG26 which was protecting the 60 Heinkel 111s of KG55 which attacked in two waves along the North-South axis in block formation. Approximately 200 bombs or 70 tons was dropped but most of them due to the formation shape completely missed the intended targets, only 7 bombs hit the Woolston factory and one hit the Itchen works. Unfortunately, a large number of bombs hit residential areas and the factory shelters again causing significant number of casualties. Production is suspended at both works but the raid only destroyed 3 near complete Spitfires and 20 damaged but did end the development of R.J. Mitchell’s heavy bomber prototypes.   Casualties: Southampton: 36 killed; 60 seriously injured.  

During the night, Liverpool's Docks were bombed along with Merseyside, Nantwich, Slough, Guildford, Bournemouth and London.  The attacks on the Capital included damage to the Houses of Parliament, India Office, Royal Small Arms Factory at Enfield and the Docks.  Total civilian casulaties were 9 killed and 24 injured.  The Germans lost 9 aircraft and 6 damaged.

Bf 110C-4 (3028) U8+HH of 1/ZG26.  Hit by AA fire during bomber escort sortie over Southampton and port engine stopped.  Then attacked and further damaged by Pilot Officer J.R. Urwin-Mann of No 238 Squadron and starboard engine hit.  Made a high speed forced landing on Bleak Down Hill, Newport, Isle of Wight 4.30pm.  Fw H. Rohde captured wounded.  Fw. E. Feder captured unhurt.  Aircraft a write off.

7/ZG26

Bf 110C-4 (3094) 3U+AR of 7/ZG26.  Shot down by Pilot Officer J.S. Wigglesworth of No 238 Squadron during escort sortie over Southampton.  Dived vertically into the ground at Tapnall Farm near Freshwater, Isle of Wight, 4.30pm.  Lt. K.A. Konopka and Uffz. R. Ekberg killed.  Aircraft a write off.  The rank of the gunner in this aircraft, Rudolf Ekberg, is shown as 'Lieutenant' in the records of the Soldatenfriedhof, Cannock Chase.  Presumably he was promoted subsequent to his death.  Major recovery by Steve Vizard, John Ellis and Simon Parry in 1982.  Both Daimler-Benz DB 601 engines and engine badges recovered, together with undercarriage, 20mm cannon and parachute.  Propeller blade presented to the landowner.

He 111H (5314) G1+BL of 2/KG55.  Failed to return from bombing sortie over the south coast of England.  Shot down by fighters off the Isle of Wight.  Obit. Graf Schweinitz, Uffz. Widmann, Uffz. Schob, Gefr. Helfer and Gefr. Wastian all missing.  Aircraft lost.

Henkel He 111P (3098) of 3/KG55.  Forced landed at Dreux following operational sortie over the Channel and attacked by fighters.  Oblt. Karbe and Lt. Wilser injured.  Aircraft 40% damaged.

Bf 110C-4 (3028) U8+HH of 1/ZG26.  Shot down by AA fire and fighters during escort sortie over Southampton.  Forced landed on Bleak Down, Newport, Isle of Wight, 4.30pm Fw. Rohde and Fw. Feder captured.  Aircraft a write off.

Bf 110C-4 (3094) 3U+AR of 7/ZG26.  Crashed on Tapnall Farm, near Freshwater, Isle of Wight 4.30pm, following fighter attack, Lt Konopka and Uffz. Eiberg both killed.  Aircraft 3U+AR a write off.

152 Squadron, RAF Warmwell

Spitfire K9982.  Crashed into the Channel twelve miles south of the Needles following combat with Bf 109s 4.40pm.  Flying Officer E.C. Deanesley baled out wounded and rescued by RN launch landing at Swanage.  Aircraft lost.

Spitfire K9882.  Shot down by Bf 109s in combat over the Channel off Swanage 4.50pm.  Crashed into the sea.  Sergeant J.M. Christie picked up dead.  Aircraft lost.

229 Squadron, RAF Northolt

Hurricane V6745.  Forced landed at Hambledon after combat with Bf 110s over Southampton 4.30pm.  Sergeant S.W. Merryweather wounded and slightly burned.  Aircraft RE-Y a write off.

238 Squadron, RAF Middle Wallop

Hurricane P2983.  Forced landed at Lee-on-Solent following combat with Bf 110s over the Isle of Wight 4.30pm.  Squadron Leader H. Fenton unhurt.  Aircraft repairable.

Hurricane P3464.  Returned to base damaged in combat with Bf 110 over the Isle of Wight 4.30pm. Sergeant J.V. Kucera believed unhurt.  Aircraft damaged but repairable.

Hurricane P3098.  Shot down in combat with Bf 110s over the Solent 4.30pm.  Presumed crashed in the sea.  Sergeant V. Horsky missing.  Aircraft lost.

Hurricane P3830.  Shot down by Bf 110 in combat over the Isle of Wight west of Newport 4.35pm.  Pilot Officer R.A. Kings baled out unhurt.  Aircraft a write off

Hurricane L1998.  Returned to base severely damaged in combat with Bf 110s over the Isle of Wight 4.35pm.  Sergeant J. Jeka unhurt.  Aircraft damaged but repairable.

303 Squadron, RAF Northolt

Hurricane V6673.  Force landed at Biggin Hill damaged in action over Southampton 4.30pm. Sergeant M. Belch unhurt.  Aircraft damaged but repairable.

Hurricane V7465.  Returned to base minus port wing tip following combat over Southampton 4.30pm.  Flight Lieutenant A.S. Forbes unhurt.  Aircraft damaged but repairable.

Hurricane P3544.  Damaged in combat over Southampton.  Force landed between Charity and Wyton Farms near Fareham 5.45pm.  Flying Officer W. Januszewicz unhurt.  Aircraft RF-H damaged but repairable.

602 Squadron, RAF Westhampnett

Spitfire X4411.  Returned to base with radiator damage following attack on He 111 over the Solent 4.40pm. Pilot Officer A.L. Edi unhurt.  Aircraft repairable.

607 Squadron

Hurricane P5205.  Shot down in engagement with enemy aircraft over the Isle of Wight 4.20pm.  Flight Lieutenant C.E. Bowen baled out unhurt over Kaylthorpe.  Aircraft a write off.

609 Squadron

Spitfire N3288.  Mainspar severely damaged by return fire from He 111 engaged over Christchurch 4.35pm.  Returned to base.  Pilot Officer A.K. Oglvie unhurt.  Aircraft damaged but repairable.

Spitfire R6979.  Returned to base starboard wing and ailerons damaged by 20mm cannon fire during combat over Christchurch 4.40pm.  Squadron Leader H.S. Darley unhurt. Aircraft repairable.